Diodorus Siculus fl. 1st century BC) or Diodorus of Sicily was a Greek historian. He is known for writing the monumental universal history Bibliotheca historica. Diodorus Siculus, Greek historian of Agyrium in Sicily, ca. 80–20 BCE, wrote forty books of world history, called Library of History, in three parts: mythical history. Diodorus opens the Fourth Book \^ith a defence of Diodorus took generously from a Praise of Heracles Uterary sources, a history of Sicily and the western.
|Published (Last):||9 October 2005|
|PDF File Size:||17.13 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||10.14 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
And, speaking generally, they have now renounced the spirit which was emulated by their forebears from ancient times, and passing their lives as they do in drinking-bouts and unmanly amusements, it is easily understood how they have lost the glory in warfare which their fathers possessed. Diodorus account mostly focusses on mainland Greece, covering the end of the Pentecontaetia22,the first half of the Peloponnesian War 30,, and conflicts during the Peace of Nicias Most of the side narratives concern events in southern Italy, relating to the foundation of Thurii23, 35 and the secession of the Plebs at Rome Also many Romans, distinguished men who have performed great deeds, have offered vows to this god, and these vows they have performed after the completion of their successes.
And a man may well marvel at the inventiveness of the craftsman, 52 in connection not only with this invention but with many other greater ones as well, the fame of which has encompassed the entire inhabited world and of which we shall give a detailed and precise account when we come to the period of Archimedes.
The book is again divided into Greek and Sicilian narratives. And when he had attained to man’s estate and had succeeded to the throne of his fathers, he subdued a large part of the neighbouring territory and accomplished great feats in war. The murder of Roxane and her son Alexander. This section is explicitly derived from the account of Ctesias of Cnidus chapters His First Book, which deals almost exclusively with Egypt, is the fullest literary account of the history and customs of that country after Herodotus.
It was not until that all of the surviving books, and surviving fragments of books 21 to the end were published by Stephanus at Geneva. He selected the name “Bibliotheca” in acknowledgement that he was assembling a composite work from many sources.
The peoples who dwell in the interior above Massalia, those on the slopes of the Alps, and those on this side the Pyrenees mountains are called Celts, whereas the peoples who are established above this land of Celtica in the parts which stretch to the north, both along the ocean and along the Hercynian Mountain, and all the peoples who come after these, as far as Scythia, are known as Gauls; the Romans, however, include all these nations together under a single name, calling them one and all Gauls.
Philosophers, as we may call them, and men learned in religious affairs are unusually honoured among them and are called by them Druids. Consequently, although the Romans in their frequent campaigns against the Lusitanians rid them of their great spirit of disdain, they were nevertheless unable, often as they eagerly set about it, to put a complete end to their plundering.
Athens the victor in the naval battle of Aeginusae; she puts her generals to death, and loses the battles that follow: Since they are nimble and wear light arms, they are swift both in flight and in pursuit, but when it comes to enduring the hardships of a stiff fight they are far inferior to the Celtiberians. In place of the short sword they carry long broad-swords which are hung on chains of iron or bronze and are worn along the right flank. They hurl the javelin with gistorica effect, even over a long distance, and, in fine, are doughty in bibliohteca their blows.
This page was last edited on 22 Novemberat Dionysius tyrant of Syracuse.
Consequently a man may well be filled with wonder both at the nature of the region and at the diligence displayed by the men who labour there. The initial sources for the main narrative was probably Ephorus, but his account came to an end in BC, and Diodorus’ sources after that point are disputed. Rome consolidates her power in Asia Minor. Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Sicilian narrative focusses on Dionysios the Elder’s establishment of his tyranny in Sicily, 18his second war with the Carthaginians,and his invasion of southern Italy The resulting books have affinities with the genre of geography.
Greek English Quick Synopsis onsite Remacle. Ptolemy’s campaigns and his victory biboiotheca Demetrius. Diodorus criticises the practice as inappropriate to the genre, but acknowledges that in moderation such speeches can add variety and serve a didactic purpose. Davies, Roman Mines in Europep The doings of Sicjlus Libya, the Gorgons, the Amazons; Ammon and Atlas.
The main focus of the book are events in mainland Greece, principally the Second Persian invasion of Greece under Xerxes, Themistocles ‘ construction of the Peiraeus and Long walls and his defection to Persiaand the Pentecontaetiadiocorus, The service at the meals is performed by the youngest children, both male and female, who are of suitable age; and near at hand are their fireplaces heaped with coals, and on them are caldrons and spits holding whole pieces of meat.
Oldfather, who wrote in the introduction to his translation of Diodorus:. However, his English translator, Charles Henry Oldfatherremarks on the “striking coincidence”  that one of only two known Greek inscriptions from Agyrium Inscriptiones Graecae XIV, is the tombstone of one “Diodorus, the son of Apollonius”. His narrative contains frequent repetitions and contradictions, is without colouring, and monotonous; and his simple diction, which stands intermediate between pure Attic and the colloquial Greek of his time, enables us to detect in the narrative the undigested fragments of the materials which he employed.
Owing to its length, the book is split into two halves, the first running down to the Battle of Gaugamela and the second part continuing until his death Indeed, they say that often times in campaigns the dodorus warrior among the Gauls has been challenged to single combat by a quite slender Ligurian and slain.
Diodorus’ immense work has not survived intact; only the first five books and books 11 through 20 remain. Bibliotheca Historica, Bibliohteca I-V this document Search for all inflected forms search for “amo” returns “amo”, “amas”, “amat”, etc. According to his own work, he was born at Agyrium in Sicily now called Agira.
Library of History, Volume XI — Diodorus Siculus | Harvard University Press
Carthage’s Mercenary War; Carthaginian advances in Iberia. Bibliothecameaning diiodorus, acknowledges that he was drawing on the work of many other authors. These are now generally agreed to be entirely Diodorus’ own work.